The history of local anesthesia
by
Stahnke J.
MMW Munch Med Wochenschr. 1980 Sep 5;122(36):1236-8.


ABSTRACT

Methods of local anesthesia by compression in classical antiquity found supporters in the New Era in A. Pare, in I. M. Velpeau and finally J. v. Esmarch gave it a very practicable form in 1873. Cold was tried by Severinus in the 17th century. In 1866 B. Richardson introduced the ether atomizer. Ethyl chloride has been used since about 1882. Cocaine won its place in ophthalmology through the efforts of K. Koller in 1884 and opened the way to surface anesthesia. The Scotsman A. Wood introduced the principle of conduction anesthesia in 1855 with his hypodermic injection. K. Schleich (1892) is looked upon as the pioneer of infiltration anesthesia. H. Braun takes the credit for the addition of adrenaline when using procaine (1900).
People
Velpeau
Xylocaine
Karl Koller
Ambroise Paré
Alexander Wood
Local anaesthesia
Inhaled anaesthetics
Obstetric anaesthesia
Molecular mechanisms
Chloroform anaesthesia
Anaesthesia and the spinal chord
History of anaesthesia apparatus
Consciousness, anaesthesia and anaesthetics



Refs
and further reading

general-anaesthesia.com
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